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Showing posts with label Education. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Education. Show all posts

Monday, August 12, 2019

What is Autism? Symptoms and prevention

Goma, who teaches children in childcare, used to beat her son for not paying attention. According to Goma, the son said that the child was living unobtrusively like other children. However, her husband was defending her son.

Goma had individual differences in learning, not all had the same abilities, the development of mental or intellectual ability would be based on the wisdom of a certain age group. The husband continued to complain that Goma had a different problem with his child. Goma kept shouting at her four-year-old son, stubborn and stubborn.

When the baby was taken to the pediatrician at her husband's gagawi, and found out, the baby was not a sham, waiting for special treatment. She was then taken to counseling for practical therapy. The child was exposed to social therapy and related therapies for speech therapy.

The doctor informed the child that he had 'autism'. She is being treated according to the doctor's advice.


Today is Autism Awareness Day or the day to raise awareness about autism. Today is the day for all educated, experienced and knowledgeable people to at least refer to the family of their contacts. This day has been celebrated in various parts of the country with vigilant awareness programs related to autism.

It is said that 3 percent of the world's population, about 3 million children in Nepal alone are victims of autism.

What is Autism?
Autism is a type of neurodevelopment disorder. In this the children are unable to perform the same activities as the normal children while some show abnormal activity. It lacks the practical development of a child's age, social development and the ability to communicate with one another.

Even when my neighbor gives advice, so too do I respond, such as slow spoken, slow moving, slow reading, which leads to slow detection of autism and difficulty solving.

The initial phase of a child's physical activity is considered to be two years to three years. At this age, he envies using his hands, speaking gestures with friends, speaking or communicating with words and sentences, making friends and playing together. But if we do not find this kind of activity in children, then we need to be very concerned that there is another physical weakness or victim of autism.

Symptoms of Autism
The signs and symptoms of autism should be monitored when children are two to three years old. Generally, symptoms and signs of autism appear as follows:

What Autism? Symptoms and prevention

- Beating friends, beating
 - Unable to catch a straight eye
- Crying
- Play with the same toy for a long time
- Shout out when doing an activity
- Don't know if you were hurt
- Don't focus on writing
- Doing activities that may harm others
- Unable to express what you say
- Can't say what is in your mind
- Unable to communicate twice with friends

How to reduce the likelihood of autism?
Although the fact that autism is the cause of the disease is not always with the experts, the majority of those who consider genetics to be the leading cause. Prevention of this problem is when children are two years older than any of their treatments, and observation and diagnosis of physical activity and communication.

Also, timely psychological counseling, social counseling, speech therapy for those with speech problems, communication are the best way to reduce this percentage. Care should be taken especially if the child is not developing for the following two years:
- If you can't walk after 6 months,
- If you can't use the stuff you use daily,
- If you can't use at least 1 word even when you are 6 months old,
- If you can't make a letter by adding 3 words when you are 6 months old,
- If the speech or the loud do not replicate,
- If you do not understand or do more than simply do,
- If you've forgotten something you've learned before,

When they were years old
- If you do not mix with people outside your family,
- If not playing with other children,
- If you can't stand your eyes,
- If you can't throw the ball or jump,
- If two legs can't climb the ladder 2-3,
- If you can't write,
- If you can't use more than 3 words in 2 letters,
- Can't complete line, if stuck in between,
- If the speech is not clear, if the outsider does not understand the speech,
- Cannot perform routine tasks such as getting dressed, going to bed
- If you forget the art you learned earlier.

Autism: Identification and treatment

There are different castes, religions and cultures in our country. Disability also has many types and variations. We often remember physical disabilities, the visually impaired, the deaf, etc. as a disability, and we usually identify them directly. But we must understand that not all disabilities can be understood and recognized immediately. One of them is "Autism". Autism is a neurodevelopment disability caused by nerve damage.

The symptoms of childbirth are difficult to identify clearly for about two and a half years. Parents often notice that these children, who appear to be physically spontaneous, do not develop language and therefore bring them to the doctor. Since only experienced and trained doctors are able to accurately identify autism, a large percentage of children are identified at the age of 6 to 6 years.In today's day it is possible to identify this condition before the child is 6 years old. Science has been confirmed to have a profound impact on all areas such as communication skills, linguistic development, intellectual development, if the early identification and intervention can be initiated at the earliest.


How to recognize autism at a young age?

The development of communication skills such as shaking one's head, pointing eyes at a parent's finger pointing, turning one's head on hearing a recognizable voice, smiling when the person recognizes a child, 6 months to 6 years before any child's language is developed. If not, then developmental disabilities can be suspected in such children.

What to do if you have doubts or identities?

Early detection is the most important therapy if children of such age are identified immediately. Children with autism are taught through communication, social behavior, various therapies and sports.

Who and how to give such therapy?

Parents are the first mentors for children. Parents have the most time to spend with them. Therefore, it is important to first train parents and they find that children are most beneficial when playing therapy while playing in different situations in the house, in the environment.

Apart from the physical and linguistic development of your children, there is a fluctuation in the development of social communication skills, cognitive, fine / gross motor, and even sensory, so it is important to seek prompt identification and early intervention with the advice of a specialist. If any child has such symptoms, it should not be discouraged from early identification and early intervention.

Monday, August 5, 2019

What is Science ?

The background

Today is the era of science and technology. Humans have been using science and technology since ancient timesScience and technology are considered the backbone of the country's development and prosperity. Without its development, the progress of any nation cannot be accelerated. Science helps in the development of technology while standard technology makes science education standard. It is said that if science is a tree, technology is the fruit of its development, so only if science is developed in the country, then necessary techniques can be developed to suit soil within the country. The development of science and technology has changed the lives of people around the world. The United States has become the most powerful nation in the world because of the development of science and technology.


Science

Continuous study knowledge based on the use and observation of a subject or object is called science. Science is a systematic knowledge that establishes and organizes knowledge of testable interpretations and predictions about the universe. Science is part of almost every aspect of our lives. Science is the common heritage of the human race. Science is a remarkable achievement of human heritage. The pursuit of truth is the main goal of science. Science makes something extraordinary possible. In fact, the term science is often used for natural sciences. It includes physics, chemistry and biology. There is a deep connection between nature and science.
In science, scientists first observe. And they ask why this happened. Then begin to hypothesize. According to that hypothesis, many times after experimenting or testing, it eventually becomes a scientific theory. Our Eastern philosophy encompassed much of the imagination, but could not develop its testing equipment. Even though we have the Vedas, science could not be properly developed. Where science is, nature is and nature is, The law of that nature is defined as science. The law of nature or creation is a science of science or study of man. Science cannot create rules of its own, but it does highlight the laws of nature, which are given by science in its own form and are known by the laws of science. Scientists point out that poverty can only be helped if the theoretical and experimental knowledge of science can be applied in practice.

Technology

Science is called an insatiable spirit. If people were satisfied, inventions would not happen. Technology is an invention created by unsatisfied minds. Technology is a group of studies or sciences related to practical and industrial arts and applied sciences. Technology is one of the biggest contributors to developing modern civilization and bringing it to its present state. The countries that are technically powerful are the strategic and economically the strongest and even more capable.
Today is the age of technology. The development of time-consuming technology and the education of the countries that consume it, as well as the economic and social sectors, have also seen progress. The use of technology is very different between developed countries and developing nations. The use of information and technology to improve the managerial system, to produce competent and competent manpower, to bridge the gap between access to and lack of information and communication technology, and to encourage continuous and lifelong learning. The use of technology seems to play an important role in narrowing the world and developing it as a global village.

Illustrations of science and technology in Nepal

The development of science and technology is only possible to change the face of any country. For science and technology Nepal and Nepalese have become like "the seed of the scum who knows not the Shrikhand." Without the development of science and technology, it is impossible to imagine the economic prosperity of a country.
The development of science and technology has changed the lives of people around the world. Despite the slogans of "science and technology for nation building", "the foundation of sustainable development of science technology and invention", "the foundation of prosperity of science and technology innovation", "the prosperity of science and technology in the country", even though the Ministry of Science and Technology went ahead with this slogan. The development of the area was restricted to slogans.
But so far in Nepal, the current Ministry of Science and Technology related to science and technology and the Nepal Science and Technology Institute have not been able to define the true sciences. It is a matter of great irony that the scientist in Nepal cannot be defined according to the universally accepted definition of a scientist.

Conclusion

In many developed countries, the government will move forward with advice and suggestions from researchers, experts, scientists, professionals in the fields of science and technology. Taking into account the importance of 'research and development' concept, which is considered as the main engine of economic prosperity and social transformation of developed countries of the world, there is an urgent need to make the country more oriented towards economic prosperity by making maximum development of science and technology in Nepal. It is important to develop technologies that suit our soil to make our country Nepal independent.In the end, it is only a matter of imagination at present to think that a two-thirds majority of the powerful Communist government would combine the Ministry of Science and Technology with the Ministry of Education to create a climate of scientific inquiry and create an internationally scientific environment. It is important that the Government of Nepal receive serious attention in this matter. For the development of science and technology in Nepal, the development of science and technology seems to be possible only if the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology is set up independently and formed the Ministry of Science and Technology. The country must move forward in the path of development and economic prosperity with maximum utilization of science and technology.

What is Depression? What is its treatment?

Depression or depression is increasing its impact not only in Nepal but worldwide. According to the latest data from the World Health Organization, more than 5 percent of the world's population is depressed. Depression is a less severe form of mental illness. In other words, dysentery is a disease. There is always a seemingly debilitating disease. 



Depending on what kind of situation we have in our daily life, our moods will be different. However, in the normal case, if health has reached a different state in human beings, we will never stay in the same state of mind for a long time. If for some reason someone is upset, after a while, the normal state of mind returns. If the mind is upset, the mind is irritated for a while and after some time has passed, the problem of panic is resolved itself. This is usually the case.Our mind and body are using us in a normal way. But sometimes for some special reason, if the heart is unhappy, we call it depression. If the heart is sad and depressed, it may be time to return to normal and not go back to normal. For two weeks, the heart is constantly feeling sad and depressed. 

Why Depression  

There is no single definition of what causes depression. Different people may have different reasons. However, as the chemicals in the body decrease, they cause depression. This condition can also be caused by a lack of serotonin, epinephrine, norepinephrine and dopamine in various chemicals found in the brain. It is also affected by various types of hormones found in the body.It cannot be claimed that depression is the cause. But there are different reasons. The first reason is hereditary. Depression can happen if the family's father, mother, grandparents, grandparents, or even older generations have had depression at any time. Depression can also be caused by stress and certain events in life. Depression is caused by an imbalance of some chemical changes. Depression does not occur if any of the stresses or stresses can be tolerated, but depression can arise if that stressful state cannot be dealt with mentally. 

Symptoms of depression

1. Little or no sleep,

2. Feeling restless or sluggish at the sight of others,
3. Unable to make decisions or concentrate,
4 Being depressed all day,
5. Feeling disrespectful to yourself and feeling helpless,
6. Feeling tired all the time,
7. Starving, changing food tastes,
8. Weight loss,
9. Frequently thinking about death,
10 To stop doing what you love,
11 Do not be happy and do not feel overwhelmed by anything


What happens if you are  sleep deprived, unable to eat, unwilling to speak, unhappy with your heart, unhappy with what you used to feel happy and happy at first, have a headache, a trembling heart, a desire to sit alone and cry After being depressed and left untreated, he heals himself for 6 months to 6 months. However, if left untreated, the symptoms worsen. When a depression sufferer reaches such a point, he will be unable to do anything except give up.There may be thoughts of suicide. Your own life may be in danger. Daily life can have a big impact. Impact on social, economic, family and business life. If it is impacted, then the person suffers. That is why it is so important to treat this disease during the time of the disease. 

Treatment of depression

time of treatment is able to identify quickly the disease is cured. We have the illusion that if we get depressed, we need to take life-long medication, which is wrong. After consuming the medicine for some time, the disease can be fully controlled. No need to take medication. But, the right treatment should be in the right place. There are two methods of treatment, one is treatment by medication, the other is psychotherapy.Many do not know that depression occurs. Many people may have the disease. There is no such awareness and awareness. First of all, you need to recognize depression. Patient safety is the first treatment. At this point, the patient has a lot of negative thinking. If the treatment is timely, the disease is cured. It is not just by estimating the cure for the disease. So first you have to find out what kind of depression and treat it. The patient should discuss what is the appropriate treatment method for the patient. The treatment regime should be established in consultation with the patient's relatives. Then the drug can be treated, psychotherapy (psychotherapy). The doctor prescribes the medication according to the patient's need for depression.Psychotherapy involves learning how to change a person's negative thinking. There are different ways to do this. Patients can be treated collectively and individually through communication. Do not take this medicine on your own without the advice of a psychiatrist. The drug is not available in the market without a doctor's recommendation. It may also have to be used for a long time. It may take two to three weeks for the drug to take effect. It is not said that the medicine will be cured tomorrow after eating it. Symptoms of depression are completely controlled, but in the future, similar stressors can occur again and again. Being okay once doesn't mean being okay in life. Once depression has been treated properly, depression can last for a long time. But if there is such a tension going forward in the future, it can happen again.Depression can range from 1 to 3 times over a period of 3 years. If left untreated, it will cure itself within 6 to 6 months. Treatment is cured within 6 to 6 months. How many have depression  Although depression is a disease of the young, there is no age group for depression. Still more young woman's disease. Youth and women suffer the most from this disease. So children and adults also suffer from depression. In fact, depression can occur to people of any age, gender, and class. The mother suffered from this disease, not just the human being, but also the larger bones. In fact, the outbreak of depression is very frightening. Generally, as many as 6% of depression sufferers are under 6 years of age.Various studies have shown that 3-5% of people suffer from depression. Such research has not been done so far in India and Nepal. Western research suggests that anywhere from 1 to 2 Prasad shows symptoms of depression if any community is surveyed at any time.Most human diseases are caused by wrong lifestyles. Depression is a similar disease. Therefore, to avoid depression, do daily meditation, pranayama and yoga or physical exercises, eat satiety, think positively, not worry or worry. Proceed one by one, solving problems that arise in the way of life. Make the basics a great goal in life. That is because 'goal' is the basis of life. That is why Martin Luther King, Jr. has uttered a very psychological exclamation: If a person does not resolve to work for some great purpose in his life, then his life is worthless. What is interesting here is that depression strikes only when people start to feel worthless.

Thursday, August 1, 2019

What is mental illness? Why does a mental illness commit a crime?


What is mental illness?

Mental health has often been misunderstood in people. Mental illness is thought to be 'crazy'. However, mental illnesses are known to have problems other than 'crazy'. A conscious awareness program should be taken to remove such a perception in man. Most psychiatrists treat mental problems as psychiatric and addictive. Mental health problems are often associated with depression and anxiety. Most patients first go to other doctors in fear of other diseases, and only if they are not cured, they are referred to a psychiatrist. Because mental patients go to the doctor concerned with symptoms such as headache, sleep apnea, panic, depression, loss of heartbeat, palpitations, difficulty breathing, and fainting. Because of this, they have already spent a lot. The last is to go to a psychiatrist only. After normal treatment, the patient is found to be healed. But by then they have already spent a lot.While stress is the main cause, there are many other causes of mental illness. There are many causes of stress. In which stresses such as hereditary, family, mental, economic, social, play a role in increasing mental illness. Drinking alcohol causes stress on not only the wife but also the children. Alcohol causes many problems in the family and causes stress. Due to the fact that the father drinks alcohol but does not give his family time, negative thoughts on the child also affect the reading, which also makes them stressful.Likewise, there is a lot of stress on the office worker. Stress such as how to get things done, how to be good in front of a boss can lead to stress, and depression eventually leads to fear of mental illness. There are also tensions between brothers and sisters, the husband having another girl or two wives, the mother-in-law's quarrels, the wife's suspicions, and the children's children being beaten. Most depression patients come with mental illness. They have no sleep, headaches, depressed mood, forgetfulness, hunger, weight loss slowly, lack of self-confidence, anger quickly, and eventually even talk about suicide. If such symptoms are observed, the patient goes to another specialist without having to go to a psychiatrist. Going to a psychiatrist doesn't mean crazy. Therefore, if such symptoms are observed, consulting a psychiatrist will cure the patient faster.The other is the problem of fear. In such cases, symptoms such as heartbeat, difficulty in breathing, palpitations, excessive play in the mind, frequent things in the mind, fear of getting into a vehicle. Sore throat, palpitations or burns, cold sores, spasms are also symptoms of Entity. Such patients reach out to the concerned physician, saying they have increased without cause or got gastric. But they do not understand that this is due to the Angiata. It is a mental illness. If such symptoms occur, it is advisable to go to a psychiatrist. This problem is a problem that can be cured after consuming a drug with a psychologist.Hysteria is another psychiatric problem. Also known as conversion disorder. This usually applies to young people. Especially young women fight unconsciously. In the village, it is found that the ghost and goddess are dressed as dhamijhankari. But, it is a type of mental illness. Often youths are subjected to mental strain due to family conflicts, boyfriends, girlfriends, the stress of study. Such stress can be unconsciously caused by no one being aware. This will most likely happen to people of the same age and close friends. If one happens, it happens to the other and to all the students. This is a psychological one. When I see my friend fight, everyone faints, fearing that this will happen to me. It requires consultation with some, and some even require medication.Dementia is another psychological problem that is worsening in old age. But in our society, it is commonly accepted that this has happened in old age. It can also be reduced after treatment. In such cases, symptoms such as forgetfulness, suspicion of family members, lack of food or food, and behavior changes. The most common type of dementia is Alzheimer's. Brain intoxication is drying up.Special attention should be paid to sleep to prevent or prevent mental illness. There is no stress at all if you get good sleep. The person must sleep for 3 to 5 hours. Also do not consume drugs, alcohol, cigarettes, drugs, etc. If stress arises, sharing it with family or friends can also reduce it greatly.

Why does a mental illness commit a crime?

A. People with mental problems can commit deliberate and deliberate crimes:
Mental illness has sometimes been reported to cause death. Psychiatric illnesses in particular (mania, schizophrenia, marijuana intake) have been reported as a heinous crime. Mental illness has been found to be for two reasons,
1. To achieve a special purpose
2. Without a doubt

Mental illness has also been found to be a life-threatening crime, just like any other human being. Mental illness in Gorkha kills his own mother. Similarly, a father from afar west killed his son because of illness. A similar incident happened in Hetauda some 90 years ago.

It can be assumed that the mental illness was also involved in the Nirmala murder case that was reported a year ago. As far as watching 'YouTube', the mental illness that a patient has said in a nutshell, his words and face can be seen as evidence of involvement in the crime.

That is not to say that a mental patient does not commit a crime. This can be concluded by further research. This is not the case when using measles medication.

B. Mental illness sufferers can:
Many have also been found to have beaten, mentally abused, abused, and expelled their family members from their homes.
Mental illness cannot cover crime like others do, many do not even take precautions. When the disease becomes severe, they do not even know 'why and what is the result'. In this case, they may not be prosecuted. When a mentally ill person commits a crime with a definite purpose, he is at stake.

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