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Showing posts with label History. Show all posts
Showing posts with label History. Show all posts

Saturday, August 10, 2019

History of Nepal and the Antiquities of Geography

Only in the fifth century AD does authentic history of Nepal begin. However, Nepal is a very ancient country. Although we do not have the source of Nepal's antiquity before the beginning of AD, some ancient Indian texts have found very interesting and factually varied expressions about Nepal's antiquity.

Based on the evidence obtained, the existence and expansion of Nepal has been well known during the legendary Mahabharata period. In one case of the Mahabharata, 'kiratas living in the Himalayan fortress are more or less strong in battle', and the chronology of the Mahabharata has been given from 1-5 BC. Another book that reflects the antiquity of Nepal is the 'Atharva Appendix', in which the border of Nepal is described as Kamrup (Assam) in the east, Videh (northern part of modern Bihar province) in the south, Udhwar (modern Panjava) in the west and Avanti (Madhya Bharat) in the south. Historians call this time of the book e. BC The times are given from 1 to 5.
Apart from the name 'Nepal', Nepal is also one of the other names called 'Kirant Desh'. BC Nepal is called 'Kirat Desh' in the 'Manusmriti', believed to have been composed some centuries ago. BC According to historian Pushpraj Chalise, it is written in the Jain texts in the 'Shwetambar sect' that the Bhadravava, under the Jain under 300 Jains, went to Nepal when Anika disappeared in India. From the above mentioned, it is known that the state of Nepal is very ancient, prosperous and glorious.
Nepal is a world famous name as an independent integral and only a few years ago as the Hindu kingdom of the world. Many historical grounds are hidden behind any place, region or state. Similar grounds are found behind the word 'Nepal'.
According to the language genealogy and the snowy section, after the water was drained in the Kathmandu valley in ancient times, it was arranged under the direction of a sage named 'N' who had a penance in Bagmati and Vishnumati's shop.
Similarly, according to other historians, the word 'Nepal' comes from the Tibetan language. In Tibetan, 'ne' means 'house' and 'sail' means 'wool'. Because of the abundant wool quality found here, the area became known as 'wool house'. Similarly, the word 'ne' in the Lepcha language refers to the sanctuary. Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Gautam Buddha, is considered by the Tibetans to be a sacred and holy place. Therefore, the name of this country is also known as 'Nepal'. Likewise, some have said that the name of this kingdom is 'Nepal' since it is located in the Himalayas.
There are many more such troubling events. But what is considered most authentic and accepted by most is the context mentioned in the Gopal Dynasty. In the Gopal Raj lineage and other contemporary genealogies, a group of Gualas named 'Nep' or 'Nep' came to live here. Even in Nepali literature, the words 'al' suffixes can be found in ancient names. For example, if the snow-covered area 'Himalayas', the country of the Panchas 'Panchal', the country of Bengal's 'Bengal', are considered to be the basis, then it becomes very relevant to make the Nepalese alliance with the suffix All Nepal. Even modern historians have given this foundation the most importance. Historian Gyan Mani Nepal has also emphasized the fact that Nepal has become Nepal. Indian literature also seems to have described Neep as a caste tied to Mathura Vrindavan. From this, the Neepas seem to have crossed Nepal through the mountains long before the dynasty ruled here. Also, it becomes very relevant that the area in which they live has become 'Nepal'.
Other used names in Nepal include 'Snowfall region' in Vedic names, 'Balthul' or 'Balpo' after the increase of Chinese and Chinese contacts. Likewise, Chinese traveler Huen-Song said 'Ni-Po-Lo', 'Kirant Desh', during the Kirtan period, and the original Buddhist texts' Vinaya. In the collection 'Naval', the famous 'Kimpurush Desh' etc. are famous in the historical period of the scholar. As the relations with the British begin to grow, there is a slight difference in the pronunciation of Nepal.
Based on the above, it is confirmed that Nepal was famous for many centuries before BC. After mentioning Nepal's word and its antiquity, it becomes very relevant to mention its geography as well. Although the pre-Licht period is not authentic, the contemporary literary sources can be said of the Atharva Appendix, but even today, India's Assam, northeastern region of Bengal and Bhutan, Vidah ie Janakpur Mathil area and modern northeast Bihar and southwest Panjava and the state of Middle India, Nepal. Is considered to be. On this basis BC It is believed that Nepal spreads to three parts of Assam, Northeast, Bihar, South West Punjab and Central Indian Region in the present period from 5 to 6 hours.
Chandra Gupta During the Mauryan period, economics of Mauryan minister Acharya Kautilya also discusses some of Nepal's borders. The context of eight-item Radi, Ghome Radi and other commodities has been added to Nepal's high-level export commodities. Given these items, it can be inferred that Nepal is not only limited to Kathmandu but also extends to other Himalayan region and western region. Buddhist monks in the Buddhist scriptures also used Indian merchants

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