Friday, August 9, 2019

Was it wrong to tell that people on moon was real?

For the first time in 1979, millions watched the rare broadcast of human foot-stepping on the moon.

But still some people are not ready to believe that someone has reached the moon. They point out that humans have never set foot on the moon. According to a report by the American Space Agency, at least one in 100 people in the United States believes that people have reached the moon.
The numbers are small, but that's enough to spread the rumor.

Movement of deceit on the moon

The moon tried to spread the theory of deception by claiming that the human being on the moon was false. Proponents of the theory argue that in the 1940s, the US space program failed on the moon missions due to lack of technology.
They believe that NASA is pretending to land on the moon to join the space race against the Soviet Union and to show itself.
Neil Armstrong said after landing on the moon, 'This is a small step for people. But a big leap forward for the human race. ”The stories that questioned its authenticity began with Apollo 1 returning to Earth.
But in 1979, those stories and rumors succeeded in creating a sensation. In 1959 a book was published, We Never Went to the Moon: America's Thirty Billion Dollar Swindle.

Journalist Bill Casing wrote the book. He had worked at NASA's public relations department.
The book mentions many things and arguments that were supported by people who believed that the moon had reached man.

Flag the moon without the wind

The book also included a picture of a US flag that was said to have been buried on the surface of the moon. The picture shows the American flag being buried on the lunar surface. In the book, the flag is described as hoisting the flag on the moon with no wind and no stars appearing in the background in the picture.According to astronomer Michael Rich, who is researching at the University of California, there are many scientific arguments that can be made to falsify this claim.

Neil Armstrong and his team-mate Buzz Aldrin hit the surface with a lot of force, which is why they were also seen in the mood. In addition, another reason why the flag appears to be hoisted is that the moon's gravity is 6 times lower than that of the earth.

The sky without a star

People who lie about landing on the moon will also argue with the picture that there is only a black sky without stars. They claim that the image of the star as a landing on the moon is false, since there is no star at night.
However, the picture that is in the form of Sawto has the same amount of darkness and light.
According to Brian Cabralin, professor of astro physics at the Rochester Institute of Technology, this is because the surface of the moon shows sunlight, which is why it looks so bright.
The same glow reduces the star's light in the sky. Since the star's light is too weak, the stars of the sky have not been seen and only the black.

Fake markings

They are also part of the rumor that the footprints shown on the moon are also there. They argue that it is not possible to have such a footprint because of the lack of moisture in the Moon. It is easily compressed when lying on the surface. '
He said that the signs of such footsteps, once formed on the surface of the moon, will remain in place for millions of years as the moon has no atmosphere.

How did the astronaut survive?

According to the most well-known rumors, the astronauts have to die because of the light box that surrounds the earth. The tree is called Van Allen, which combines solar wind and the earth's magnetic surface.
In the early stages of the space race, this light became a matter of great concern to scientists. The scientists thought it to be the most dangerous for the astronaut.
But according to NASA, Apollo 8 spent less than two hours in Venn Lane. Likewise, only 5 minutes was spent in these dangerous places. That is, Apollo 4 did not have to spend time in the box for long enough to cause danger to the astronaut.

Residents who refute the rumor

NASA recently released some pictures related to the Apollo landing. Which is evidence that the moon has landed.
Apart from the picture, there is also a landing site of Apollo 2, which can be seen on the soil and the remains of the moon module.
The LRO also showed that the flags buried by two people who had landed on the moon were still standing. During the investigation, the shadow of the flag was also detected on the surface. However, such rumors have spread and are widely known around the world.
There is a lot of scientific evidence confirming that Neil Armstrong stepped on the moon in 1979.
The only question to those who believe that the moon has reached human beings is that if the steps on the moon were false, why did the Soviet Union use a secret program to send its people to the moon?
Former NASA historian Robert Lions argues, 'If the footing on the moon was a lie, why didn't the Soviet Union oppose it? While he had both the courage and the courage to confirm a lie. The Soviet Union didn't even say a word about it. '

Monday, August 5, 2019

What is Science ?

The background

Today is the era of science and technology. Humans have been using science and technology since ancient timesScience and technology are considered the backbone of the country's development and prosperity. Without its development, the progress of any nation cannot be accelerated. Science helps in the development of technology while standard technology makes science education standard. It is said that if science is a tree, technology is the fruit of its development, so only if science is developed in the country, then necessary techniques can be developed to suit soil within the country. The development of science and technology has changed the lives of people around the world. The United States has become the most powerful nation in the world because of the development of science and technology.


Continuous study knowledge based on the use and observation of a subject or object is called science. Science is a systematic knowledge that establishes and organizes knowledge of testable interpretations and predictions about the universe. Science is part of almost every aspect of our lives. Science is the common heritage of the human race. Science is a remarkable achievement of human heritage. The pursuit of truth is the main goal of science. Science makes something extraordinary possible. In fact, the term science is often used for natural sciences. It includes physics, chemistry and biology. There is a deep connection between nature and science.
In science, scientists first observe. And they ask why this happened. Then begin to hypothesize. According to that hypothesis, many times after experimenting or testing, it eventually becomes a scientific theory. Our Eastern philosophy encompassed much of the imagination, but could not develop its testing equipment. Even though we have the Vedas, science could not be properly developed. Where science is, nature is and nature is, The law of that nature is defined as science. The law of nature or creation is a science of science or study of man. Science cannot create rules of its own, but it does highlight the laws of nature, which are given by science in its own form and are known by the laws of science. Scientists point out that poverty can only be helped if the theoretical and experimental knowledge of science can be applied in practice.


Science is called an insatiable spirit. If people were satisfied, inventions would not happen. Technology is an invention created by unsatisfied minds. Technology is a group of studies or sciences related to practical and industrial arts and applied sciences. Technology is one of the biggest contributors to developing modern civilization and bringing it to its present state. The countries that are technically powerful are the strategic and economically the strongest and even more capable.
Today is the age of technology. The development of time-consuming technology and the education of the countries that consume it, as well as the economic and social sectors, have also seen progress. The use of technology is very different between developed countries and developing nations. The use of information and technology to improve the managerial system, to produce competent and competent manpower, to bridge the gap between access to and lack of information and communication technology, and to encourage continuous and lifelong learning. The use of technology seems to play an important role in narrowing the world and developing it as a global village.

Illustrations of science and technology in Nepal

The development of science and technology is only possible to change the face of any country. For science and technology Nepal and Nepalese have become like "the seed of the scum who knows not the Shrikhand." Without the development of science and technology, it is impossible to imagine the economic prosperity of a country.
The development of science and technology has changed the lives of people around the world. Despite the slogans of "science and technology for nation building", "the foundation of sustainable development of science technology and invention", "the foundation of prosperity of science and technology innovation", "the prosperity of science and technology in the country", even though the Ministry of Science and Technology went ahead with this slogan. The development of the area was restricted to slogans.
But so far in Nepal, the current Ministry of Science and Technology related to science and technology and the Nepal Science and Technology Institute have not been able to define the true sciences. It is a matter of great irony that the scientist in Nepal cannot be defined according to the universally accepted definition of a scientist.


In many developed countries, the government will move forward with advice and suggestions from researchers, experts, scientists, professionals in the fields of science and technology. Taking into account the importance of 'research and development' concept, which is considered as the main engine of economic prosperity and social transformation of developed countries of the world, there is an urgent need to make the country more oriented towards economic prosperity by making maximum development of science and technology in Nepal. It is important to develop technologies that suit our soil to make our country Nepal independent.In the end, it is only a matter of imagination at present to think that a two-thirds majority of the powerful Communist government would combine the Ministry of Science and Technology with the Ministry of Education to create a climate of scientific inquiry and create an internationally scientific environment. It is important that the Government of Nepal receive serious attention in this matter. For the development of science and technology in Nepal, the development of science and technology seems to be possible only if the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology is set up independently and formed the Ministry of Science and Technology. The country must move forward in the path of development and economic prosperity with maximum utilization of science and technology.

What is Depression? What is its treatment?

Depression or depression is increasing its impact not only in Nepal but worldwide. According to the latest data from the World Health Organization, more than 5 percent of the world's population is depressed. Depression is a less severe form of mental illness. In other words, dysentery is a disease. There is always a seemingly debilitating disease. 

Depending on what kind of situation we have in our daily life, our moods will be different. However, in the normal case, if health has reached a different state in human beings, we will never stay in the same state of mind for a long time. If for some reason someone is upset, after a while, the normal state of mind returns. If the mind is upset, the mind is irritated for a while and after some time has passed, the problem of panic is resolved itself. This is usually the case.Our mind and body are using us in a normal way. But sometimes for some special reason, if the heart is unhappy, we call it depression. If the heart is sad and depressed, it may be time to return to normal and not go back to normal. For two weeks, the heart is constantly feeling sad and depressed. 

Why Depression  

There is no single definition of what causes depression. Different people may have different reasons. However, as the chemicals in the body decrease, they cause depression. This condition can also be caused by a lack of serotonin, epinephrine, norepinephrine and dopamine in various chemicals found in the brain. It is also affected by various types of hormones found in the body.It cannot be claimed that depression is the cause. But there are different reasons. The first reason is hereditary. Depression can happen if the family's father, mother, grandparents, grandparents, or even older generations have had depression at any time. Depression can also be caused by stress and certain events in life. Depression is caused by an imbalance of some chemical changes. Depression does not occur if any of the stresses or stresses can be tolerated, but depression can arise if that stressful state cannot be dealt with mentally. 

Symptoms of depression

1. Little or no sleep,

2. Feeling restless or sluggish at the sight of others,
3. Unable to make decisions or concentrate,
4 Being depressed all day,
5. Feeling disrespectful to yourself and feeling helpless,
6. Feeling tired all the time,
7. Starving, changing food tastes,
8. Weight loss,
9. Frequently thinking about death,
10 To stop doing what you love,
11 Do not be happy and do not feel overwhelmed by anything

What happens if you are  sleep deprived, unable to eat, unwilling to speak, unhappy with your heart, unhappy with what you used to feel happy and happy at first, have a headache, a trembling heart, a desire to sit alone and cry After being depressed and left untreated, he heals himself for 6 months to 6 months. However, if left untreated, the symptoms worsen. When a depression sufferer reaches such a point, he will be unable to do anything except give up.There may be thoughts of suicide. Your own life may be in danger. Daily life can have a big impact. Impact on social, economic, family and business life. If it is impacted, then the person suffers. That is why it is so important to treat this disease during the time of the disease. 

Treatment of depression

time of treatment is able to identify quickly the disease is cured. We have the illusion that if we get depressed, we need to take life-long medication, which is wrong. After consuming the medicine for some time, the disease can be fully controlled. No need to take medication. But, the right treatment should be in the right place. There are two methods of treatment, one is treatment by medication, the other is psychotherapy.Many do not know that depression occurs. Many people may have the disease. There is no such awareness and awareness. First of all, you need to recognize depression. Patient safety is the first treatment. At this point, the patient has a lot of negative thinking. If the treatment is timely, the disease is cured. It is not just by estimating the cure for the disease. So first you have to find out what kind of depression and treat it. The patient should discuss what is the appropriate treatment method for the patient. The treatment regime should be established in consultation with the patient's relatives. Then the drug can be treated, psychotherapy (psychotherapy). The doctor prescribes the medication according to the patient's need for depression.Psychotherapy involves learning how to change a person's negative thinking. There are different ways to do this. Patients can be treated collectively and individually through communication. Do not take this medicine on your own without the advice of a psychiatrist. The drug is not available in the market without a doctor's recommendation. It may also have to be used for a long time. It may take two to three weeks for the drug to take effect. It is not said that the medicine will be cured tomorrow after eating it. Symptoms of depression are completely controlled, but in the future, similar stressors can occur again and again. Being okay once doesn't mean being okay in life. Once depression has been treated properly, depression can last for a long time. But if there is such a tension going forward in the future, it can happen again.Depression can range from 1 to 3 times over a period of 3 years. If left untreated, it will cure itself within 6 to 6 months. Treatment is cured within 6 to 6 months. How many have depression  Although depression is a disease of the young, there is no age group for depression. Still more young woman's disease. Youth and women suffer the most from this disease. So children and adults also suffer from depression. In fact, depression can occur to people of any age, gender, and class. The mother suffered from this disease, not just the human being, but also the larger bones. In fact, the outbreak of depression is very frightening. Generally, as many as 6% of depression sufferers are under 6 years of age.Various studies have shown that 3-5% of people suffer from depression. Such research has not been done so far in India and Nepal. Western research suggests that anywhere from 1 to 2 Prasad shows symptoms of depression if any community is surveyed at any time.Most human diseases are caused by wrong lifestyles. Depression is a similar disease. Therefore, to avoid depression, do daily meditation, pranayama and yoga or physical exercises, eat satiety, think positively, not worry or worry. Proceed one by one, solving problems that arise in the way of life. Make the basics a great goal in life. That is because 'goal' is the basis of life. That is why Martin Luther King, Jr. has uttered a very psychological exclamation: If a person does not resolve to work for some great purpose in his life, then his life is worthless. What is interesting here is that depression strikes only when people start to feel worthless.

Sunday, August 4, 2019

What is a black hole?

Scientists have finally released a photo of a black hole (black hole). Scientists have released the first image of a black hole in the M-7 galaxy (galaxy), some 10 million light years away from Earth.
The image of the black hole we have always imagined. According to Nepali time on Wednesday, the photo, which was made public at 7pm, looks exactly the same as we had imagined.

This black hole is 7.2 billion times larger than the sun. It is the heaviest and largest black hole in the universe. Although the image looks a bit irregular, the bright ring shape is obvious. Even the light does not escape from the black hole. The image made by scientists is a shadow of black. It is not possible to take a realistic picture of a black hole because it does not escape the light.

Astronomers have managed to capture this image with the help of the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT). The Event Horizon Telescope is a network of 6 different telescopes in the world. According to a report published in the Astro Physics Journal Letter, two hundred scientists from 19 institutions in 9 different countries of the world were involved in the work. The purpose of which was to capture a photo of the black hole event Horizon.

Event Horizon is also called Point of No Return, where no object can come out upon arrival. This is a hypothetical surface around a black hole that has been scientifically proven by scientists. Everyone is interested in how it was possible to take a picture of this object far beyond the earth.

Here's how:

The Event Horizon Telescope is a radio telescope. Which is a collective effort of various radio telescopes around the world from which a massive imaginary radio telescope, such as the Earth, was created. It is a joint effort of six radio observatory teams of the world.All radio telescopes were set to the same target. This fictitious telescope was located 4,000 miles away from Earth. This task was very difficult. Scientists have used the 'Atomic Clock' for this. Special consideration was also given to the wavelength.

According to various reports, data from telescopes was estimated to have collected more than 100,000,000 GB. Was processed in Germany. The data obtained were analyzed with the help of a supercomputer.The data was collected on hardium-filled hard disks. Hard disks were sent from the airplane when data was not transmitted via the Internet. It used radio imaging to generate image data from different types of waves.Telescopes are located in different places. It is located in areas where there is no human settlement and the effects of a desolate sky and atmospheric gases are slight. An airborne and volcanic area of ​​Mexico, mountains of the state of Arizona and Sierra Nevada in Spanish and desert in Antarctica and Antarctica in Chile's Ataca.

Symposium of Astro Physics Journal Letter:

Astro Physics Journal has published two papers on the work of the Event Horizon Telescope. The research report contains all the details of the project and the achievements so far.
The first paper contains a picture of a black hole and a summary of achievements. Which contains the complete details of the project and the achievements so far. The second paper describes the series (array) of the Event Horizon Telescope. Which contains observations and telescopes related to the black hole. The paper mentions the observations made using the system, technology and resources built on the Event Horizon Telescope, as well as the details of the progress of the work.

The third paper focuses on the full details of the observations, summarizing the statistics, details of the required protocols and how the conclusions were drawn. The fourth paper describes the methodology for drawing a picture and how it was constructed. The old method of solving the process of mathematical process for image creation and the new mathematical calculation method was adopted by the instrumentalists used in EHT. It took months to test and calculate the figures obtained.The fifth paper describes the general relativistic magnetohydrodynamic (GRMHD) simulations used for fine-grained image simulation and the use of Adams ray tracing method for image acquisition and jet launching of black holes.
The sixth paper covers the system used, the substitution of the obtained statistics, the weight of the black hole, and the black hole and its time interval.

'Albert Einstein was right'

According to physicist Udayaraj Khanal, the image obtained showed that scientific confirmation of Albert Einstein was correct. Einstein noted that time and space will end when the power and the body are united in one place.

Which was later interpreted as Singularity by other scientists. In the middle part of the black hole is Singularity, where all power and body are integrated. He said it was covered by Event Horizon.

According to him, Einstein said that the interpretation of space, time and gravity was correct.
Said objects were moving toward the center of the black hole. Like Newton's theory of gravity points to 'point mass', Einstein's theory of relativity points to relativity's point mass. Einstein noted that gravity does not affect the speed of light.
Einstein said that all motions, objects and phenomena in the universe are relative and all are related to the speed of light. According to him, space and space time are not as flat as previously believed, it is rotating. This has again confirmed the geometric etymology of 'space and time' according to Einstein's theory. Earlier it was confirmed that there were gravitational waves.

What is a black hole?

The black hole is an area where the light also disappears. The light is the 'trap'. The black hole draws no object to itself and does not escape. It has the ability to pull an entire solar system into itself. It has a lot of gravitational force. Nothing can reach the event Horizon. The object that reaches there is compressed at the center of it. Udayraj Khanal Astronomer.
Astrophysicist and eighth-century scientist Staph Hawkins did a lot of research on the black hole. He dedicated his life to it. He also mentioned radiation emanating from the black hole. Called Hawking's Radiation.

As the big stars approach the end of their life cycle, they are destroyed and thus become black holes. Where there can be millions of stars, even galaxies. Its density is enormous. Many larger objects are compressed into a smaller object and the gravitational force of these objects is greater.

According to the physicist, Khanal, the substance in the published image was falling into the black hole and there was no light. According to him, the light seen in the picture is a flickering light in the black hole.

'Sun cannot become black hole':

According to the physicist Khanal, the sun could not become a black hole under any circumstances. According to him, the stars weighing 1/3 times the Sun can go into the final phase and become black holes. These stars rotate and become black holes with a high gravitational force. Similarly, objects moving in the sky may become larger and black holes.

According to him, our solar system cannot go to the black hole. The black hole larger than the solar system is millions of light years away from us, and the probability that a black hole is very close to our solar system is very low, he said. According to him it is a fantasy.

Thursday, August 1, 2019

Pluto reintroduced as a planet

Pluto reintroduced as a planet

Pluto, which has long been regarded as a planet, has been declared as a planet in 7 years.
The International Astronomical Union (IU), the body responsible for the classification of objects in the Universe, has just announced Pluto as a major planet.

Long-established and regarded as the ninth planet in our solar system, Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Planet-X have received the same level of re-recognition. Many know that everyone's favorite planet was given the status of asteroids by removing Pluto from the ninth planet of the solar system in the 5th. Due to this decision, Ayu was becoming notorious and omnipresent.

The announcement of Pluto as a full-fledged planet of the Solar System and its asteroid in year 1 had created a huge outcry among the people. From that time the campaign to re-affirm Pluto was re-introduced to the planet, but it did not find success.
However, Ayu has corrected his old decision, mistaking it. Accordingly, Aiu has issued a press release recognizing Pluto, the planet once again filled with ice.
Remember, there were eight planets in the solar system when Pluto was declared an asteroid. But with Pluto again recognized as a planet, the number of planets in the solar system has reached nine. So another planet named Planet X is believed to be in our solar system.

Bacteria are not only carriers of disease, they are also good friends of humans!

Not surprisingly, bacteria are not only carriers of disease, but they are also good friends of humans!

As soon as the bacteria are exposed, we start to think about the terrible diseases. Because of the many dangerous diseases and problems, such as typhus, cholera, leprosy, plague, TB, diphtheria, pneumonia, etc. So it is only natural to scare the bacteria by name. Bacteria are found everywhere
Bacteria can be found in every corner of the earth, in the soil, sea, and even in the frigid snow of Antarctica. Most of them live on plants, in animal bodies. Only a person's body contains more than 3 times the amount of bacteria in his body. Most of them live in the digestive system.

Some bacteria are found in soil or in dead vegetation. These bacteria play an important role in the nutrient regeneration the soil needs.

Some cause food spoilage and damage the farm. But again, foods made from yogurt or alcoholic liquids are a non-essential element of bacteria.
Only a relatively small number of bacteria cause various diseases.

The reproductive process of bacteria
Bacteria reproduce through the 'binary fission' process. In this process, the bacteria that have only one cell are split into two exactly the same child cells. The 'binary fission' begins when the DNA of the bacteria starts to split into two.

The bacterial cell is then elongated and split into two. While both will have the exact type of DNA in the baby's cell, they are the 'clones' of the parent cell.

With the proper temperature and nutrients, bacteria like Escherichia coli can split within 5 minutes. This means that within 1 hour, the bacteria can grow from one to 5, 19, 5.
An hour later, the number of such bacteria reaches 1,4,5,3. So when infectious bacteria invade our bodies, we get sick soon.

The process of living
Some bacteria can form 'indospores'. 'Indospores' are an inactive form of bacteria that have a strong resistance to adverse physical and chemical conditions such as heterogeneous heat, ultra-violet radiation, and germicidal chemicals.

Because of this, it is very difficult to destroy bacteria. Bacteria that produce 'indospore' are endangered. An example of this is the Bacillus anthrax, which is anthrax.
Not all bacteria are bad

    But not all bacteria are bad for humans. So far, there have been around 300 to 2,000 species of bacteria detected in the world. Most of them are infectious, meaning only about 3 bacteria infect us. Such bacteria are called pathogenic bacteria. Other bacteria are harmless to humans. On the contrary, most bacteria are somehow extremely useful to people and nature.

  Bacteria occur in the air, water, and ground everywhere. Even so, it is found in the deepest depths of the oceans. But it cannot be seen with our bare eyes. It's very subtle. Bacteria in size range from 1 to 5 micrometers (equal to twenty-five thousand parts of an inch).

   This picture is of a bacterium known as Disease. The bacterium is named Neisseria meningitides. It causes meningitis and other diseases caused by bacteria. Bacteria act to decay and kill dead organisms and plants.

   Imagine for a moment, what would the world be like if there were no bacteria? The world would be covered with dead creatures and plants!

   Bacteria are eaten by animals and plants. In this way, the bacteria give their complex substances in common. And, the same thing can be found in soil, water, or air, as a living organism or plant can receive it.

We have dinner. Other creatures also eat food. Bacteria also digest the food they eat. There is a lot of bacteria in people's gut. Bacteria in the gut begin to break down and break down food that is broken into the gastric system. At the same time, bacteria produce certain types of vitamins, nutrients, which our bodies absorb.

One type of bacteria in the soil stops nitrogen and makes it nutritious for food. We get food from certain plants. Apart from this, the use of bacteria in yogurt, pickles, cheeses, vinegar making, certain colors, plastic, cosmetics, tobacco, some medicines and some types of yarn, soap is also used.

To sum it all up, people know little about the usefulness of bacteria. In the future, people will certainly find ways to utilize the bacteria in many ways, which is a very useful and humane way.

What is mental illness? Why does a mental illness commit a crime?

What is mental illness?

Mental health has often been misunderstood in people. Mental illness is thought to be 'crazy'. However, mental illnesses are known to have problems other than 'crazy'. A conscious awareness program should be taken to remove such a perception in man. Most psychiatrists treat mental problems as psychiatric and addictive. Mental health problems are often associated with depression and anxiety. Most patients first go to other doctors in fear of other diseases, and only if they are not cured, they are referred to a psychiatrist. Because mental patients go to the doctor concerned with symptoms such as headache, sleep apnea, panic, depression, loss of heartbeat, palpitations, difficulty breathing, and fainting. Because of this, they have already spent a lot. The last is to go to a psychiatrist only. After normal treatment, the patient is found to be healed. But by then they have already spent a lot.While stress is the main cause, there are many other causes of mental illness. There are many causes of stress. In which stresses such as hereditary, family, mental, economic, social, play a role in increasing mental illness. Drinking alcohol causes stress on not only the wife but also the children. Alcohol causes many problems in the family and causes stress. Due to the fact that the father drinks alcohol but does not give his family time, negative thoughts on the child also affect the reading, which also makes them stressful.Likewise, there is a lot of stress on the office worker. Stress such as how to get things done, how to be good in front of a boss can lead to stress, and depression eventually leads to fear of mental illness. There are also tensions between brothers and sisters, the husband having another girl or two wives, the mother-in-law's quarrels, the wife's suspicions, and the children's children being beaten. Most depression patients come with mental illness. They have no sleep, headaches, depressed mood, forgetfulness, hunger, weight loss slowly, lack of self-confidence, anger quickly, and eventually even talk about suicide. If such symptoms are observed, the patient goes to another specialist without having to go to a psychiatrist. Going to a psychiatrist doesn't mean crazy. Therefore, if such symptoms are observed, consulting a psychiatrist will cure the patient faster.The other is the problem of fear. In such cases, symptoms such as heartbeat, difficulty in breathing, palpitations, excessive play in the mind, frequent things in the mind, fear of getting into a vehicle. Sore throat, palpitations or burns, cold sores, spasms are also symptoms of Entity. Such patients reach out to the concerned physician, saying they have increased without cause or got gastric. But they do not understand that this is due to the Angiata. It is a mental illness. If such symptoms occur, it is advisable to go to a psychiatrist. This problem is a problem that can be cured after consuming a drug with a psychologist.Hysteria is another psychiatric problem. Also known as conversion disorder. This usually applies to young people. Especially young women fight unconsciously. In the village, it is found that the ghost and goddess are dressed as dhamijhankari. But, it is a type of mental illness. Often youths are subjected to mental strain due to family conflicts, boyfriends, girlfriends, the stress of study. Such stress can be unconsciously caused by no one being aware. This will most likely happen to people of the same age and close friends. If one happens, it happens to the other and to all the students. This is a psychological one. When I see my friend fight, everyone faints, fearing that this will happen to me. It requires consultation with some, and some even require medication.Dementia is another psychological problem that is worsening in old age. But in our society, it is commonly accepted that this has happened in old age. It can also be reduced after treatment. In such cases, symptoms such as forgetfulness, suspicion of family members, lack of food or food, and behavior changes. The most common type of dementia is Alzheimer's. Brain intoxication is drying up.Special attention should be paid to sleep to prevent or prevent mental illness. There is no stress at all if you get good sleep. The person must sleep for 3 to 5 hours. Also do not consume drugs, alcohol, cigarettes, drugs, etc. If stress arises, sharing it with family or friends can also reduce it greatly.

Why does a mental illness commit a crime?

A. People with mental problems can commit deliberate and deliberate crimes:
Mental illness has sometimes been reported to cause death. Psychiatric illnesses in particular (mania, schizophrenia, marijuana intake) have been reported as a heinous crime. Mental illness has been found to be for two reasons,
1. To achieve a special purpose
2. Without a doubt

Mental illness has also been found to be a life-threatening crime, just like any other human being. Mental illness in Gorkha kills his own mother. Similarly, a father from afar west killed his son because of illness. A similar incident happened in Hetauda some 90 years ago.

It can be assumed that the mental illness was also involved in the Nirmala murder case that was reported a year ago. As far as watching 'YouTube', the mental illness that a patient has said in a nutshell, his words and face can be seen as evidence of involvement in the crime.

That is not to say that a mental patient does not commit a crime. This can be concluded by further research. This is not the case when using measles medication.

B. Mental illness sufferers can:
Many have also been found to have beaten, mentally abused, abused, and expelled their family members from their homes.
Mental illness cannot cover crime like others do, many do not even take precautions. When the disease becomes severe, they do not even know 'why and what is the result'. In this case, they may not be prosecuted. When a mentally ill person commits a crime with a definite purpose, he is at stake.

Wednesday, July 31, 2019

How far is the universe, how far its boundary

Most astronomers claim that the universe formed during an event called the Big Bang. A massive explosion that took place about 1.5 billion years ago. Space, time, matter and energy were all created in the universe during the Big Bangkram.

This massive explosion has thrown matter in all directions. It has also inspired itself to expand the space. As the universe cools down after the explosion, galaxies, stars, and planets are formed by the material in it. There are objects of all kinds and shapes in this universe. Which can be found in everything from the smallest atom to the largest galaxy.

Expansion of the universe
In 1959, Westo Slyfer discovered the concept of cosmic expansion. The evolution of light in distant galaxies was interpreted as Earth's galaxies. In 1959, the Einstein field equation was used by Alexander Friedman to provide theoretical evidence. In which the universe is expanding. In 1959, Georges Lemaitre independently reached the same conclusion as Friedman on a theoretical basis. First observational evidence is presented for a linear relationship between galaxies and their recurrence velocities.

In 1959, American astronomer Edwin Hubble discovered that there was a direct correlation between the speed of galaxies distant from Earth and their distances. It is now known as the Hubble Law. The Hubble Space Telescope was named after him and the single number that describes the rate of cosmic expansion. The apparent and slow velocity of outer galaxies is called the Hubble Constant relative to their distance.

The galaxies are going away
Astronomer Edwin Hubble has provided convincing evidence. That the universe was expanding. Observing the distant galaxies, he saw that it was the outer part. Until recently, cosmology (the science of cosmology) believed that the rate of expansion of the universe was slowing down due to the influence of gravity. According to current research, the universe could expand forever. However, research on this topic is ongoing. A new study of supernovae in distant galaxies and a force called dark energy could modify the potential fate of the universe.

What is the reason for the expansion of the universe?
Since the discovery of the universe's expansion by the measurement of the velocity of the galaxy by American astronomer Edwin Hubble in the 1930s, astronomers have been searching for how this expansion has changed over time. At that time most scientists had considered two possibilities.

1) The rate of expansion is slow and it is either interrupted. The Universe then starts contracting.

2) It will continue to expand forever.

In 1979, two separate teams of astronomers studied a distant supernova (the one led by US Saul Perlmutter and the other by Nick Sanchez and Brian Schmidt of Australia) and revealed many surprising facts about the expansion of the universe.

Her study helps take one step forward in exploring cosmic expansion and also challenges the current model of the universe. This new result contributes significantly to the development of the cosmic "cosmic constants" proposed by Albert Einstein. The existence of a non-zero cosmic constancy means that a counter-force, counter-acting gravity, currently dominates the universal expansion and consequently moves closer to an infinite expanding universe. The new research was titled "Breakthrough of the Year" by the well-known American science journal Science in the December 1, 1979 issue.

The "Original Criteria" of the Universe
All three cosmological models are governed by the three basic parameters of general relativity. That's it
1. The current expansion rate described by Hubble's constant, namely the proportionality factor between the expansion velocity and the distance
2. The average substance density in the universe and
2. The amount of "other energy" in space.

From the measurement value of these basic parameters, the geometry of the age and space of the universe can be obtained.

The lead role of Supernova
Both research teams, with participation by ESO, focused on studying rare stellar explosions. In this process, the explosive nuclear fusion, the most stable nuclear nucleus, burns substances in iron and releases a huge amount of energy.

These explosions, known as supernovae, are distinguished by their very similar qualities, including their inner glow. This makes them ideal for long-distance measurements. For example, all critical distances can be determined with great accuracy through the observation of such remote objects. Specifically, observational missions coordinated with Type I supernovae were carried out in many major laboratories around the world.

What is possible in a classroom?

Let's do the school classroom. Just as a teacher emphasizes the importance in his or her classroom, reading and learning improve. Likewise, the classroom has its own significance for learning and teaching. The teacher has to teach the child in the classroom by placing a blackboard, a piece of chalk, a duster, some charts. The Kadmi school administration has to take initiative for improvement.

Some schools have enough material and some don't. This leads to distractions in students who do not have the coordination of learning in the classroom. It does not seem to have caught the attention of the officer overseeing the contents. The teachers and school administration themselves are fully aware that students learn more by making them more active than the teacher's lecture method. Even though I know, the facts of what is being taught in the classroom are known to be sustainable, but today the educational quality of the education sector is being hampered by the practice of not practicing.

The classroom should be a place for learning. Content and activity should keep students in the habit. And let the teacher's behavior change the learning so that the classroom becomes a dynamic space for activity. There is no doubt that alone plays a vital role in maintaining the quality of education. After reading a textbook lesson, the students will be happy to read the book if they bring a book of their favorite story or poem to read.

If these activities are to be carried out in the classroom during teaching, students' ability to read and learn will grow. Not only this, the curiosity of how to read with others who are seeking to become self-confident, self-reliant and creative. A classroom is a gathering place for students of different types. With their social, home-based, neighborhoods, and people from different backgrounds having different backgrounds, it is not uncommon for them to move from teaching to school to discipline and discipline. No matter what obstacles may arise in the classroom, no one can doubt that the blame for society will be removed if the teacher has to bear the burden of the responsibility of not stopping his or her teaching and teaching.

The school administration should bring in a package of teachers' initiatives for active classroom management. That is, economic, practical numerical, bells, reconciliation, and food items, etc., so that teachers can have the environment they want to receive during their teaching, and only teachers have the hard work and sense of responsibility. And apart from the alleged, many teachers, students and parents seem to lack the feeling that this school belongs to me. The teachers are continuing the syllabus and textbook created by the government for the purpose of teaching. However, returns have not been received, according to Search. Successful classroom teaching is implemented by the teacher. Some teachers think that having a parent involved is a headache. With the help and cooperation of all, the teaching work can be improved. If that teaching is not from a teacher, then it is advisable to move on to another career.

The teacher should transform the classroom into a lively place for learning. Students have learned many things. The enthusiasm and self-confidence of these students also increase the awareness of the teachers. Even among the students themselves, it would make sense that this is my own classroom. They emphasize the school's classroom more than home at home, are stressed, and eager to learn, and have no exercise in keeping the classroom clean and disciplined. That is how their personalities developed. The society will not hesitate to support the spirit of the school with a very positive spirit.

Teaching is an art. The teacher who knows how to develop and teach it as art must learn how to do it. Keeping that in mind can lead to exhaustion and laziness while continuing the teaching work, keeping students in mind, taking out a copy of a painting and making them busy drawing what you like. The teacher begins to relax for a while, but the teacher may have little or no activity. Students enjoy painting only when all the necessary materials are available. Then they should also be given enough time. The teacher should not be alarmed. No one has any doubt that the activities that are active in both will be fruitful. Schools should also be financially sound.

Due to the pattern of blaming the teachers, the classroom activities of the schools are becoming unstoppable. Parents who consider themselves strong and upper-class, believe in the name of a private school. And those parents and intellectuals enjoy the politics of politics in government schools. In order to live and look good, management in schools must incorporate new programs and new styles. Even after all the management has been made, the teachers and administrators who have put the school in critical condition must be changed. If they cannot proceed in a different way than other schools, then their existence will be at risk. Students are now in the age of learning from technology, not from nature. Parents are still found everywhere, beating my child. Everyone needs a high-grade score. But is man's ability to be measured by numbers? The creative student is left far behind in terms of numbers and percentages. It is always advisable to consider the educational development of the school and the changing aspect of classroom teaching activities as more than a negative one. We are citizens of a country where teachers are prohibited when a computer is used by a European country. Change is not something like a magic wand.

When we all study each other, there is a vast difference in the school education that our children are currently witnessing, rather than the state of school education. A classroom should be the beginning of a student's future and plan. Where there should be classroom windows, a deck bench, and a carpet-free classroom. The government should also make the environment available to the teachers in the schools' classrooms by purchasing long-lasting and high-quality items, in addition to materials available to the teacher in the local environment. Teacher scholars are also raising these demands.

Teachers also know what the classrooms are capable of. It can be identified and put into practice. Identify and work for the benefit of the students. By entering the classroom only, the theoretical practice of sharing with students has been widely practiced in community schools. The relevant body has not been able to make that change. It seems possible for a teacher to change many things in the classroom. That is, active management classrooms, activity-friendly classrooms, democratic methods of answering questions, arranging furniture, arranging exercises, and teachers entering the classroom with a plan in place. Important in the educational development of the area Would help to change.

In the end, the joint effort of teachers, parents, stakeholders, and the government to make the classroom a learning space is possible. In a classroom, there are a variety of problems, such as lack of bus management, lack of proper management of window-to-door blackout, and the possibility of injury to a student without the ability to deck bench according to age and ability. While these things may be managed by most teachers, not everything should be handled with negative thinking. If the content of the textbook is taught in the classroom while studying the contents and what is possible in the classroom, then, of course, the teacher can change the look of the teacher and improve the classroom, but the environment they enter into the classroom with confidence is related to the management of the school administrator. With the help of all, a class can be transformed and action-oriented. No one disagrees.

Continuous Student Assessment: Whether to say no or not? Don't tell? What happened

One teacher gave a student of class 4 his math problems for classwork. One student solved 5 questions but none were found. Another student made 3 turns but all matched and the other one did not. How to fill out a continuous student assessment form now?

In this case, how many of the three students get the resentment?

This is a Facebook status tag I wrote. I don't know if I can suggest a solution to this problem, but after the status writer asked for advice on Facebook, I could not escape. I am also not an expert in any of the trainees' training or training. I've heard about it, read some of the material I found. Since I work in this area, I have churned some. I have made some of my own explanations, but I am not in a position to say that my understanding is correct. Still trying to churn my intellect.

It has been almost two years since the practice of continuous student evaluation began in Nepal. During this 3-year training, workshops are going on at various levels to explain the concept of continuous student assessment. Millions of funds have been released to the school for the printing of the application form and to manage the portfolio file. There may be millions in training.

Continuing student evaluations, which initially began as a test in some districts, were gradually applied throughout the country. The system, which was started only for grades 1 through 8, was later extended to Class 8 and is currently operational till Class 8. At present, there is a provision to assess the percentage of students in grades 1 and 2, 5 percent in grades 8 and 8, and 100 percent continuous grades in grades 1 through 9 There is also a provision that in grades 8 through 8, liberal promotions are not assigned, the course number is not specified.

First question:
Have we not taken the exam for grades 8 through 8? To what extent has this policy of course been implemented? What is its effectiveness? What has it done to improve our teaching practice or not? Anyone who does not go to the classroom has seen it very well. Everybody who goes into the classroom has seen this problem.Those who saw it well thought we were not implementing it, those who saw it as a problem neither completely rejected nor implemented it. It became something that was recorded as a contributing factor to the student's weak learning. This is due to the poor learning of the student who is studying in grades 1, 2. It has been implemented so that we have prepared the exam from the child's class and have run the exam in the school. There is a small industry that sells and produces question papers in the source centers and various committees. The fun part is that we take the exams in the school and put the regs on the register prepared by different companies. Why take the exam? Everyone takes it? Why did Reza have to take the exam? Everyone do the same? At the same fate, our overall system is in operation now.

Continuous student evaluation sought to make the teacher a little more active, responsive and productive for every student's learning. But the private printers started printing and distributing files by writing the names of the one text that would be accessible to all classes, as shown in the picture above.
Exam in the pretext that parents should not take the test? What is the exam? Why take the exam?
What Exam? Who will take the exam? When and how to take the exam? Not a matter of discussion and interest? Take the exam as always? Take the exam to buy a question? Run Exam Schedule? The results are over.

Continued student assessment was adopted as a method of failure. But teaching regularly, failing to do so, was regularly forgotten about being evaluated and assisted.

Teaching the stranger more often than not is in our teaching method. It was not only a matter of taking the upper classes by acquiring the competencies specified in the syllabus, but also taking the exam to finish the book. The teacher who completed the course quickly became a jobber. So while running the farm, there was a textbook campaign similar to the one that started the festival. Teaching, watching unfamiliar, assisting more, discussing with parents were all elephant show teeth.

Second question: 
Is the above problem related to continuous student assessment? Continuing student assessment is completely wrong in suggesting that one of the lessons is based on the classwork given to it. And that is not to say that no student should ever be judged based on how many calculations were made. In view of the above problem, the teacher factor in teaching the school and mathematics subject is the problem. How many students in a class can calculate a lesson after teaching a lesson? One must know which ones cannot be calculated. One is a reference to how students arrived at class 8 without basic math activities, and another reference is to the lesson in which this problem occurs. What is the state of the lessons preceding this lesson? Does it mean focusing on what the student does not understand or what he or she is doing on a continuous student assessment?

Third question:
 Is continuous student assessment really our problem? If the problem is that the school and the teacher all have to say it cannot be implemented. It may not always be possible to get away with it because of poor learning. It would be better to spend the budget only by ensuring that it is implemented, rather than putting on a single rationale that some researchers who do not have the school-level classroom experience, and who do the research to get the budget out of some large-scale research, should do so well. If there is a problem with student learning due to constant student evaluation, it is not necessary to weaken the learning on the pretext.
Are local governments conducting some of the reform reforms, thinking of doing something, conducting extensive discussions, discussions, and interactions to help ensure continuous student evaluation, or is it helping the teacher to factor in the student's weak learning? Be healthy. If this is the problem, do not let it go but do not act, do not give up and always try to flee accountability by showing cause.

This year many local level exams took the basic test. Please, send the upper class. What happened in the past has happened. In recent days, some local levels have taken out the exam schedule for the quarterly exam and formal examination has been taken from the classroom nursery. Looking at it, this constant student evaluation is just an ivory tooth. Let's say. Let's say that. Don't walk one way. It is better to say no than to say no.

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